Reducing Deforestation and Sustainable Development through Judicial Training in Indonesia
Indonesian ecosystems harbor about 12% of total mammal species, 7.3% of reptile species and 17% of bird species. Indonesia ranks fifth in the planet regarding plant diversity with more than 38,000 species. Forests in Indonesia cover an area of about 119 million hectares, representing approximately 4% of the world’s most ecologically undisturbed forests. However, the expanding population and economic activity are leading to significant environmental problems including deforestation from illegal logging, conversion to palm oil plantations, vanishing biodiversity, and endangered species.
The legal framework in place has not been effective in halting environmental degradation and biodiversity loss in the country, even though the country has implemented regulations for environmental protection. The Environmental Law Institute will seek to preserve biodiversity and counter climate change by promoting the application of the environmental legislation.