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Tackling Climate Crime

Widely used in refrigeration and air-conditioning, hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) are the fastest growing group of greenhouse gases globally. HFCs are super pollutants that generate huge amounts of warming over their short atmospheric lifetimes. The EU F-Gas Regulation seeks to phase them down in favor of climate-friendly refrigerants but due to high prices in the EU and lack of knowledge of the existence of the legislation, illegal trade has emerged.

In this project, the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) wants to investigate the illegal HFC trade in Europe and ensure that member states live up to the regulations that exist and that the use of these gases will be further reduced by almost 80% by 2030. The EIA has worked successfully to combat the illegal trade of HFCs for 25 years and has good contacts with authorities in the Member States.

The project is supported with 3 000 000 SEK.

What the project delivers

Investigations to document crimes and the production of a public report. EIA works directly with some of the EU member states to reduce smuggling.

Why we support this project

EIA has extensive experience in the issue and has over the years developed proven methods, the project contributes to a more sustainable world.

Project time status


This project started in September 2019 and ended in July 2021

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